Day of Independence (4 July)

Declaration of IndependenceIndependence Day is the most important weltlich (im Gegensatz zu kirchlich)secular holiday in the United States. It is celebrated on 4 July and marks America's Unabhängigkeitindependence from Britain.

As you surely know, Britain once had various colonies on the American continent. Many British people moved to those colonies, and during the first 150 years of colonisation Britain did not sich einmischeninterfere in koloniale Angelegenheitencolonial affairs. In 1763, jedochhowever, Britain suddenly changed its Politikpolicy: it enforce = aufzwingen, durchsetzenenforced Restriktionen, Einschränkungenrestrictions on American trade and manufacturing and tried to (Steuern) erhebenlevy more and more Steuerntaxes on the colonists, e.g. taxes on paper, sugar and tea. A high tax on tea schließlichfinally provozieren, heraufbeschwörenprovoked protest: on 16 December, 1773, some colonists dressed as Native Americans boarded British ships and threw tea into Boston harbour; that event became known as The Boston Tea Party. Britain wiederum, seinerseitsin return pass a law = ein Gesetz verabschiedenpassed another law in 1774—the Five Intolerable Acts—which wasn't accepted by the colonists. So in 1775, the War of Independence began.

At the beginning of the conflict, only few wanted to be independent from Britain. Most colonists thought that the English Parliament war schuldwas to blame for the high taxes, and so they asked King George III for Unterstützungsupport. Seeing, however, that the king didn't help them but stattdesseninstead sent an army to fight the colonists, more and more colonists schließlicheventually wanted independence from Britain.

On 2 July, 1776, Congress stimmen, abstimmenvoted for independence. The Inhaltcontent of the Deklaration, Erklärungdeclaration was under discussion for two days before, on 4 July, the Declaration of Independence was accepted. (The original document can now be seen in the National Archives exhibition hall in Washington, D.C.)

Whilst in 1776, colonists were still fighting for their independence on 4 July, today there are celebrations everywhere throughout the country. In parades lots of people are dressed in 18th century uniforms, and in the evenings you can enjoy atemberaubendbreathtaking Feuerwerkfireworks.

Weitere Informationen zum Independence Day:

Life, Liberty & the Pursuit of Jellybeans: An Independence Day Story
Die Geschichte des 4. Juli für Kinder erklärt.

The Patriot (Der Patriot) (DVD)
Film über den amerikanischen Unabhängigkeitskrieg. Mit Mel Gibson, Joely Richardson. Regie: Roland Emmerich