Richard Trevithick – 200 Years of Steam Trains

von Bob Barton (mit freundlicher Genehmigung von VisitBritain.com)

Statue of Richard Trevithick, Camborne, Cornwall

An invention that changed the world is 200 years old in 2004: Britain is celebrating the bicentenary of the steam railway locomotive. But it is not an engineering giant such as James Watt or George Stephenson being fêted.

The man who first put steam engines on rails was a tall, strong Mann aus Cornwall, County im Südwesten EnglandsCornishman described by his schoolmaster as stur, starrköpfigobstinate and unaufmerksaminattentive. Richard Trevithick (1771-1833), who learnt his craft in kornisch, aus Cornwall stammendCornish Zinnerz-Minetin mines, built his Penydarren tram road engine for a line in South Wales whose primitive wagons were pulled, slowly and mühseliglaboriously, by horses.

On February 21, 1804, Trevithicks pioneering engine haul = ziehen, transportieren, schleppenhauled 10 tons of Eiseniron and 70 men nearly ten miles from Penydarren, at a speed of five miles-per-hour. He was 20 years seiner Zeit vorausahead of his time–Stephensons Rocket was not even on the Reißbrett, Zeichenbrettdrawing board–but Trevithicks engines were seen as little more than a hier: Kuriositätnovelty. He went on to engineer at mines in South America before dying penniless aged 62. But his idea was developed by others and, by 1845, a hier: Netzspiders web of 2,440 miles of railway were open and 30 million passengers were being carried in Britain alone.

With the Herausgabelaunch in January 2004 of a new £2 Münzecoin bearing both his name and his geniale Erfindungingenious invention, Trevithick has at last received the public Anerkennungrecognition he deserve = verdienen (Anerkennung, Lob)deserves.

animation of the Penydarren tram road engine
Penydarren tram road engine, animation

Weitere Infos zu Richard Trevithick und seiner Dampfmaschine:

Auf der Seite www.worldwidewales.tv kannst du dir einen kurzen englischen Film zum Thema ansehen. Wenn du im Anzeigefeld auf S klickst, wird auch der englische Untertitel mit eingeblendet (so wirst du den Text sicher besser verstehen können).

Questions on the text

  • What do we find out about Trevithicks schoolmaster?


  • Which statement is correct?


  • Trevithick died .