Battle of Trafalgar

During the Revolutionskriege + Napoleonische Kriege, auch Koalitionskriege genanntFrench Revolutionary Wars (1792-1815), Great Britain and France were erbitterte Feindefierce enemies. Napoleon even planned to angreifen, einnehmeninvade Britain. For this, however, he needed an enormous Flottefleet. But his main fleet lay in the Spanish harbour of Cadiz.

Scene from the Battle of Trafalgar

Of course, the British tried to Napoleon daran hindernprevent Napoleon from invading Britain. They carefully watched what Napoleon’s ships were doing and also sent a fleet down to Spain to deal with the problem. The leader of that Royal Navy fleet was Admiral Nelson.

On 21st October 1805 the Royal Navy fleet traf aufclashed with the alliiert, verbündetallied French and Spanish fleet at KapCape Trafalgar (somewhere between Cadiz and the Straße von GibraltarStrait of Gibraltar). At about 11:30 a.m., Nelson gave the signal to attack the enemy: England erwartet, dass jeder Mann seine Pflicht tut.England expects that every man will do his duty.

Although they zahlenmäßig unterlegen seinwere outnumbered by French and Spanish ships, the Royal Navy fleet won the battle thanks to Nelsons great tactical maneuvres. At about a quarter past four in the afternoon, the fighting was over. But Nelson, deadly wounded in the battle, died fifteen minutes later. Still, the battle was a great success for the British as the French had to stop their plans of invading Britain and Britain bliebremained the most powerful nation at sea.

The journey home was long and in order to erhalten, konservierenpreserve Nelson's body, the Leichnamcorpse was placed in a Fassbarrel of rum. man erzählt sichLegend has it that the sailor’s secretely drank from that barrel – they sagten, behauptetenclaimed it was Nelson's Blood they were drinking and there was even a Seemannsliedshanty called Nelson's Blood.

Back in England, Nelson was buried in London’s St Paul’s Cathedral. All over Britain, monuments were built to commemorate Nelson’s great victory at Trafalgar. The most famous memorial is in the heart of London – it’s Trafalgar Square with Nelson’s Column in its centre.

Weitere Infos zur Schlacht bei Trafalgar

Auf der Webseite von BBC kannst du dir eine Animation mit interessanten Infos zum Schlachtverlauf ansehen.

Fragen zum Text

Answer the questions according to the text.

  • Were Great Britain and France allies in 1805?
  • Where is Cape Trafalgar?
  • Did Nelson's fleet have fewer ships than the French and Spanish fleet?
  • Which of the following statements is correct?