Every 17 March, Irish people all over the world celebrate St. Patrick’s Day (zu Ehren von) in honour of Saint Patrick, the (Nationalheiliger) patron saint of Ireland. Let’s find out what was so special about that person.
Maewyn spent six years as a slave in Ireland, but then he (entkam) escaped and went to Gaul in France where he studied in a (Kloster) monastery for 12 years. Finally, Maewyn became a bishop and (adopt a name = einen Namen annehmen) adopted the Christian name Patricius (in English: Patrick).
Later Patrick (entschied, entschloss sich) decided to go back to Ireland. (anders als) Unlike many other (Missionäre) missionaries before him, Patrick successfully (convert to Christianity = zum christlichen Glauben bekehren) converted Irish (Ungläubige, Heiden) pagans to Christianity because he knew a lot about Irish life and their gods. So Patrick for example did not simply (einführen) introduce the Christian cross – he put a sun behind it because he knew that the sun was an important symbol for the Irish. The so called Celtic Cross therefore is a cross with a circle symbolising the sun.
(außerdem) Furthermore, Patrick explained the (heilige Dreieinigkeit) holy Trinity (Father, Son, (heiliger Geist) Holy Spirit) with the help of a (Kleeblatt) shamrock, which grows everywhere in Ireland. The shamrock has three (gleichgroß) equally sized (Blätter) leaves and Patrick used this to show how the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit could exist as separate elements of (einer Einheit) the same entity.
There are several legends about St. Patrick, for example that he (verbannen) banned all snakes from Ireland (still now there are no snakes in Ireland). People also say that Patrick met some Irish legends such as the Children of Lir.
Patrick died on 17 March 461. That day now is a (Nationalfeiertag) national holiday in Ireland and there are parades in the streets and music everywhere. Not only in Ireland – Irish (Auswanderer) emigrants took this tradition all over the world. So there will most probably be a St. Patrick’s Day party in an Irish pub near you. Why not go there and get a little St. Patrick’s Day feeling? Have a good time and sing along. Here are two traditional Irish songs that will surely be sung in every Irish pub that night: Whiskey in the Jar and The Wild Rover.
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