Saint George's Day

Flag of England, St George's Cross

Saint George is the Schutzpratron, Schutzheiligerpatron saint of England and the Saint George's Cross (a red cross on a white background) is used as England's national flag. Saint George's Day (23 April) is a NationalfeiertagNational Day in England. Once an important holiday, it is, however, not celebrated that much anymore - it's not even a gesetzlicher Feiertagpublic holiday.

Saint George lived in the third Jahrhundertcentury. He dienteserved as a soldier in the Römisches ReichRoman Empire where he even became a member of the personal guard of the Roman Emperor Diokletian, auch bekannt als Diocles oder Gaius AureliusDiocletian. When in 303, however, the emperor ordered the Verfolgung der Christenpersecution of Christians, George wagte esdared to criticize the Diocletian and to zugebenconfess that he was a Christian, too. This machte wütendenraged Diocletian and so George was gefolterttortured and hingerichtetexecuted as a Verrätertraitor on 23 April 303.

Saint George is probably best known for his killing a dragon. Legend has it that a schrecklichfierce dragon lived near a town called Silene. Every day, the people of Silene had to feed the dragon a Jungfrauvirgin, who was ausgelost wurdechosen by lot. One day the princess sollte geopfert werdenwas to be sacrificed, but George herbeieilenhurried to help her. With his Lanzelance called Ascalon, George killed the dragon and saved the princess. The king and the people of the town were so happy that they wanted to belohnenreward George. George asked them to zum Christentum konvertierenconvert to Christianity and so they did.

Questions on the text

Are the statements true or false?

  1. Saint George's Day is an important holiday in England.

  2. Saint George was a Christian.

  3. He was born on 23 April.

  4. Saint George is said to have saved a dragon.