- Die Verschwörer des Gunpowder Plots. Guy Fawkes ist der Dritte von rechts.
When Queen Elizabeth died in 1603, her cousin James VI of Scotland became James I of England. James was a Protestant. He did not allow Catholics to practise their religion. Instead, he ordered Catholic priests to leave the country and he (zwang) forced Catholics to attend Protestant (Gottesdienste) church services. (etwa:Verweigerer) Recusants (Catholics who didn’t (teilnehmen an) attend Protestant church services) (wurden bestraft) were punished.
This made Catholics angry, and a small group of them planned to kill the king by (blow up = in die Luft jagen) blowing up the Houses of Parliament. The (Verschwörer) conspirators knew that on 5th November 1605 the king and other (Adlige) nobles would be at the Houses of Parliament for the (Parlamentseröffnung) State Opening. That was the day when they wanted to blow them all up.
On 26th October a (Edelmann) nobleman called Lord Monteagle received an anonymous letter telling him not to go to the State Opening. Lord Monteagle was a Catholic – this is probably why he received the letter. He was also loyal to the king, however, and immediately passed the letter on to him. So now the king knew about the (Verschwörung) plot.
In the morning of 5th November, guards searched the cellars of the Houses of Parliament. They found 36 (Fässer Schießpulver) barrels of gunpowder and (festnehmen) arrested one of the conspirators, Guy Fawkes.
Guy Fawkes (wurde gefoltert) was tortured until he (ein Geständnis ablegte) confessed. Some other conspirators were arrested later, and they were all (gehängt) hung, (gestreckt) drawn and (gevierteilt) quartered.
5th November (wurde bekannt als) became known as Guy Fawkes Day (or Gunpowder Day). On this day people celebrate the (Fehlschlagen) failure of the (Schießpulver-Verschwörung) Gunpowder Plot with (Lagerfeuern) bonfires and fireworks.
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